The history of Italian Cheese began over 2,000 years ago during the era of the Roman Empire As early as the first century AD, Romans invented cheese presses to press cheese curd Romans were the first to experiment with aging cheese under different conditions in order to produce Italian Cheese with specific flavors, textures and aromas Romans even created a separate cheese kitchen, called a caseale, in order to refine their Italian Cheese making expertise.

In more populated areas, there were areas in towns that were dedicated to smoking home-made Italian Cheese The Roman Empire continued to refine the cheese making process and dispersed and assimilated their Italian Cheese aging techniques throughout its empire across Europe .